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Elements, Minerals, Metals, Materials

If you've ever wondered how to say calcium, iodine, aluminum, sodium, potassium, or any other mineral name in Mandarin Chinese, this page might be of help. The more common ones (and a few other materials) are listed here:

Aluminum / Aluminium (Al)
Calcium (Ca) gài
Copper (Cu) tóng
Neon (Ne) năi
Iodine (I) diăn
Oxygen (O) yăng
Potassium (K) jiă
Sodium (Na)
Steelgāng
Brass黄铜huángtóng
Foam泡沫pàomò
Arsenic (other name)砒霜pīshuāng
Cyanide氢化物qīnghuàwù
Fluoride氟化物fúhuàwù
Mercury (other name)水银shuĭyín

Other Vocabulary

Solid固体gùtĭ
Liquid液体yètĭ
Gas气体qìtĭ
Atom原子yuánzĭ
Molecule分子fēnzĭ

Click on any element name below to jump to the translation, or use your browser's "find in page" function to search for a particular name. If you're curious about the repeated elements in the chinese characters, 气 (qì) means steam, 石 (shí) is the radical for stone and 钅(金) (jīn) meaning gold, is the radical used for many things related to metal.

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
H He
LiBe BCNOFNe
NaMg AlSiPSClAr
KCa ScTiVCrMnFeCoNiCuZnGaGeAsSeBrKr
RbSr YZrNbMoTcRuRhPdAgCdInSnSbTeIXe
CsBa* LuHfTaWReOsIrPtAuHgTlPbBiPoAtRn
FrRa**

* LaCePrNdPmSmEuGdTbDyHoErTmYb
** AcThPaUNpPuAmCmBkCfEsFmMdNo

Elements

Hydrogen (H) qīng
Helium (He) hài
Lithium (Li)
Beryllium (Be)
Boron (B) péng
Carbon (C) tàn
Nitrogen (N) dàn
Oxygen (O) yăng
Fluorine (F)
Neon (Ne) năi
Sodium (Na)
Magnesium (Mg) mĕi
Aluminum / Aluminium (Al)
Silicon (Si) guī
Phosphorous (P) lín
Sulfur / Sulphur (S) líu
Chlorine (Cl)
Argon (Ar)
Potassium (K) jiă
Calcium (Ca) gài
Scandium (Sc) kàng
Titanium (Ti) tài
Vanadium (V) fán
Chromium (Cr)
Manganese (Mn) měng
Iron (Fe) tiĕ
Cobalt (Co)
Nickel (Ni) niè
Copper (Cu) tóng
Zinc (Zn) xīn
Gallium (Ga) jiā
Germanium (Ge) zhĕ
Arsenic (As) shēn
Selenium (Se)
Bromine (Br) xìu
Krypton (Kr)
Rubidium (Rb)
Strontium (Sr)
Yttrium (Y)
Zirconium (Zr) gào
Niobium (Nb)
Molybdenum (Mo)
Technetium (Tc)
Ruthenium (Ru) liăo
Rhodium (Rh) lăo
Palladium (Pd)
Silver (Ag) yín
Cadmium (Cd)
Indium (In) yīn
Tin (Sn)
Antimony (Sb)
Tellurium (Te)
Iodine (I) diăn
Xenon (Xe) xiān
Cesium / Caesium (Cs)
Barium (Ba) bèi
Lanthanum (La) lán
Cerium (Ce) shì
Praseodymium (Pr)
Neodymium (Nd)
Promethium (Pm)
Samarium (Sm) shàn
Europium (Eu) yŏu
Gadolinium (Gd)
Terbium (Tb)
Dysprosium (Dy)
Holmium (Ho) huŏ
Erbium (Er) ĕr
Thulium (Tm) dīu
Ytterbium (Yb)
Lutetium (Lu)
Hafnium (Hf)
Tantalum (Ta) tăn
Tungsten (W)
Rhenium (Re) lái
Osmium (Os) é
Iridium (Ir)
Platinum (Pt)
Gold (Au) jīn
Mercury (Hg) gŏng
Thallium (Tl)
Lead (Pb) qiān
Bismuth (Bi)
Polonium (Po)
Astatine (At)
Radon (Rn) dōng
Francium (Fr) fāng
Radium (Ra) léi
Actinium (Ac) ā
Thorium (Th)
Protactinium (Pa)
Uranium (U) yóu
Neptunium (Np)
Plutonium (Pu)
Americium (Am) méi
Curium (Cm)
Berkelium (Bk) péi
Californium (Cf) kāi
Einsteinium (Es) āi
Fermium (Fm) fèi
Mendelevium (Md) mén
Nobelium (No) nuò